Skiffia Multipunctata – Saving Threatened Fish Species in Aquariums (Series) ©

Skiffia multipunctata fry - Endangered Fish in AquariumThis is the second article in a series about keeping endangered fish species in the home aquarium.  Read part one: Saving Threatened Fish Species in a Home Aquarium.

We have had two aquarium births in one of our latest groups of (unofficially) endangered fish, Skiffia multipunctata!  That’s a few of our new babies on the left.  Knowing that we have increased captive populations is a thrill that you can have too.

Skiffia multipunctata, or ‘Speckled Sawfin Goodeid’, isn’t a fish that you will typically see in a fish store, as is often the case with wild-type fish.  Aquarium hobbyists are often looking for more vivid colors in stores.  It’s usually the seasoned fish-keeper who appreciates the classy beauty in wild fish, from patterns to unique shapes, and wild behavior.  They’re not just a fish we keep for visual pleasure, they’re an experience.  When we keep fish in our aquariums that are threatened or extinct in the wild, a higher purpose to fish-keeping is added to that experience.

Appearance

These wild-type fish offer a striking, highly variable appearance.  The males have a golden orange base color with a wide range of spotting patterns, from no spots, to speckling,  to almost fully black specimens.  Ours have shown virtually no spotting thus far.  If you visit Google Images and do a search for Skiffia multipunctata, you’ll see some of the many variations.  The dorsal fin is quite wide and long for a wild-type fish, with a multi-level shape, gold hues and black rim.  The females are a silvery gray with black spotting.

Habitat and Environment

Skiffia multipunctata are a Mexican Goodeid (Classification Goodeidae>Goodeinae) endemic to the Lerma River Basin around Guadalajara.  They are feared to be critically endangered due to habitat destruction, industrial development, pollution, and the introduction of non-native species.

The males reach about 2 inches (5cm) in length and the females just under 2.5 inches (6cm).  Skiffia multipunctata can be started in a 20 gallon aquarium at room temperature, preferably with some day/night temperature fluctuation.  They are considered to be a tropical fish, but do not require an aquarium heater at average household temperatures.  In the wild they may experience temperatures over 28+°C (82°F), but enjoy cooler temperatures in aquariums.  Ours are currently in an aquarium averaging 21°C, which lowers to about 19°C at night.

S. multipunctata thrive in a hard, slightly alkaline environment, but don’t rule out your soft water supply either.  Our water is very soft so we use natural water additives to adjust the pH, KH & overall mineral content.  To naturally harden the water and increase the KH, we use Tufa Rock, Texas Holey Rock, and seashells in the aquarium, along with crushed oyster shell in the filter.

While Skiffia multipunctata aren’t overly aggressive with each other, they may be aggressive to other species.  A single species tank is recommended.

Skiffia multipunctata pair - endangered fish species in aquarium

Young adult pair of Skiffia multipunctata. They will become more colorful as they age.

Skiffia Multipunctata Diet

The Skiffia multipunctata diet should include vegetation in the form of algae/seaweed or low-carbohydrate terrestrial vegetables.  Protein may come in the form of smallish, live, frozen, or freeze-dried food.

Female Goodeids provide nourishment to their developing fry over a six to eight week gestation period, making a balanced maternal diet crucial to healthy fry development.  According to Goodeid expert, Jim Langhammer, females should not be fed a diet too high in protein as it may result in birth complications from large fry (babies).

We don’t feed our fish manufactured fish flakes or pellets, but if you do we suggest brands that do not use the toxic ethoxyquin as a preservative.  They should not be the primary source of nutrition, in our opinion.

Aufwuchs (algae, diatoms, tiny crustaceans, rotifers, protozoans, insect larvae, oligochaetes and tardigrades) growth should be encouraged in the aquarium to better simulate the wild diet.   Our aquariums have live plants and soft, porous cactus wood to give micro-organisms a perfect environment to multiply and thrive in.

Our Skiffia multipunctata are fed a diet of about 60-70% meat protein and 30-40% vegetation.  Our staple food is Bottom Bites and a 70/30 mix of freeze-dried ground krill and seaweed/algae.  We also feed micro-worms (gut-loaded with ground seaweed/algae), frozen bio-encapsulated brine shrimp, rehydrated vegetable flakes, rehydrated mixed seaweed flakes, and frozen peas or green beans.

Breeding Skiffia Multipunctata

Skiffia multipunctata are Livebearers, meaning they give birth to live young as opposed to laying eggs.  It is quite an easy Goodeid to breed as long as they are kept in a clean, established aquarium environment, and are fed a high quality, balanced diet.

On an interesting side-note: Female fish often demonstrate a preference for certain colors or patterns on male fish.  However, a recent study on Skiffia multipunctata suggests that females prefer males with less black spotting, and the male coloration doesn’t impact female preference either way.

The fry are born very large and can eat small versions of the adult’s food immediately.  While other livebearers may be inclined to eat their fry (yes, I know, “eeewww!”), S. multipunctata do not bother their offspring.

Here is a video of Skiffia multipunctata giving birth to her large young:


Video courtesy of ‘Livebearing Fish

Where to buy Skiffia multipunctata

You can often buy or trade for Skiffia multipunctata through your local fish club, or national Livebearer clubs such as the American Livebearer Association or the British Livebearer Association.  Ours were brought into Canada by a kind, fellow member of the American Livebearer Association.  You may also spot them up for auction on Aquabid.  We should have some S. multipunctata available in Canada by Summer, 2012.

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References:

Fishbase
Goodeid Working Group
Coletti, Ted. Aquarium Care of Livebearers (Animal Planet Pet Care Library)Aquarium Care of Livebearers
2008.
A. Moyaho, P. Guevara-Fiore, E. Beristain-Castillo and C. Macías Garcia. Females of a viviparous fish (Skiffia multipunctata) reject males with black colouration

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13 Responses to “Skiffia Multipunctata – Saving Threatened Fish Species in Aquariums (Series) ©”

  1. Ellen Brink says:

    I haven’t had any skiffia yet but I have other goodeids I protect. They’re beautiful fish and I take their care very seriously.

  2. chrissy-shae says:

    I got hooked on Skiffia when I got S. francesae. I can’t wait to get more and other goodeids too.

  3. STAN says:

    I hope to obtain some S. multipunctata at the ALA convention this month plus lots more livebearers! SO EXCITED!

  4. Skiffia Collector says:

    I have a few species of Skiffia and multipunctata is one of my true favorites. They’re beautiful & quite easy to keep and breed.

  5. Oliver says:

    It’s heartening to know that many people who have aquariums aren’t selfishly filling them with whatever takes their fancy. Helping endangered species doesn’t have to be done on big reserves or in public aquariums, we can do it right at home. Congratulations everyone!

  6. Fish Crazy says:

    What an interesting fish! My aquariums want skiffia now LOL.

  7. Noah says:

    Beautiful fish! Congratulations on the fry.

  8. Anna-Marie says:

    I love these livebearers and I hope I can find some or some other Skiffia species. You do good work.

  9. Bonny says:

    I love all skiffia goodeids but only have two in the UK.

  10. TeddyC says:

    A job well done! I too hope more people will help preserve goodeids and S. multipunctata is a good goodeid to start with if some research is done.

  11. Pierre says:

    I have had multipunctata for many years. I have considered moving on but they’re such a gorgeous wild goodeid that I can’t give them up. It’s thrilling to see more information about them online and I hope more hobbyists consider filling a tank or two with them.

    • Sylvia says:

      Skiffia multipunctata is one of my favorite livebearers. I’ve had a lot of fish over the years but my colony of multies moved in to stay. I’m glad to see people are talking about them.

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