By Lan Hoang
Time has proven that the medicinal use of herbal remedies for pets can be safe and effective. Herbal medicines are used worldwide, from the Western culture with the use of healing plants, to acupuncture of Traditional Chinese Medicine. To address any hesitations that pet parents may have, this article will discuss the scientific reasons why herbal medicine works, and whether it is safe and effective for pets.
Why Herbs Work
In the modern world, herbal medicine is often called phytotherapy. From a scientific viewpoint, these plants can have physiological effects on the body, as well as on the organ systems, because they have chemical constituents. In herbal plants, there are many compounds that can perform specific functions once introduced to the body of a pet. These compounds can be divided into the following categories:
- Alcohols: Include the components of volatile oils. Example: Menthol from Peppermint.
- Alkaloids: Potent compounds that have many effects on both the body and organ systems. They have notable effects on the circulatory and nervous systems.
- Anthraquinones: Include the plants that give purgative effects. Example: Rhubarb.
- Bitter Principles: Acts as stimulation of the digestive system, as well as the liver. The compound, which has a bitter taste, causes a reflex action via the taste bud. Example: Gentian.
- Carbohydrates: A major energy source, as well as the basis of many soothing components. Example: Elm, Seaweed.
- Coumarins: Can strengthen capillary walls. Example: Horse Chestnut Bark.
- Flavones/Flavonoid Glycosides: have a wide-range of effects, such as diuretic, anti-spasmodic, hepatic and cardiac support. Example: Buckwheat.
- Glycosides: Have strong effects on the heart. Example: Foxglove.
- Tannins: Have binding and protective effects on the skin. Example: Tea leaves.
- Volatile Oils: Have antiseptic, stimulatory and calming effects.
- Saponins, Plant Acids, Phenolic Compounds, and others.
Choose the Right Herbal Plants
From this categorization of compounds in herbal plants, scientists have been able to make full use of them. One can treat their pets (with the guidance of a veterinarian) by using the plant raw, in combination with other plants, using plant extracts, or in recipes. The herbal plants that can be used to treat a common health issue can be classified in a group, as shown below:
|Group Name||Therapeutic Actions||Notable Plants|
|Alterative||Cleanse blood, restore vitality||Burdock, Garlic, nettles, cleavers|
|Anti-catarrhal||Remove mucus and catarrh||Sage, Thyme, Golden Rod, Garlic|
|Anti-diarrheal||Soothe the intestine, have astringent action to help resolve diarrhea||Peppermint, Agrimonies, Cranesbills, Meadowsweet|
|Anti-microbial||Fight off infection||Garlic, Echinacea, Peppermint, Rosemary, Thyme|
|Astringents||Reduce discharges||Agrimonies, Raspberry, Yarrow, Slippery Elm Bark, Bearberry|
|Bitters||Stimulate appetite and digestion||Bearberry, Gentian|
|Carminatives||Prevent colic and abdominal pain, stimulate digestive system||Aniseed, Peppermint, Dill, Valerian, Garlic|
|Cholagogues||Encourage bile production in the liver and gall bladder, stimulate digestion||Gentian, Dandelion, Bearberry, Fringe tree, Milk Thistle, Peppermint|
|Diuretics||Increase the elimination of water from the body. Used in heart failure, urinary tract disorder, kidney disease and bladder problems||Buchu, Bearberry, Cleavers, Dandelion leaf, Juniper, Parsley Piert, Golden Rod, Yarrow and Burdock|
|Emollients||Soothe and protect skin||Comfrey, liquorice, mallow, marshmallow, slippery elm|
|Hepatics||Support the liver||Barbary, Milk Thistle, Dandelion root, Cleavers and Cascara|
|Hypoglycemic||Lower blood sugar, treat diabetes||Garlic, Chicory, Nettles|
|Laxative||Relieve constipation||Dandelion root, Barberry, Cascara, Rhubarb Root, Cleavers|
|Nerviness||Stimulate and strengthen the nervous system||Ginseng, Oats, Hops, Valerian, Skullcap, Rosemary|
|Sedatives||Calm the nervous system, reduce stress. Notably useful in treating animals with behavioral problems due to nervousness||Valerian, Skullcap, Chamomile and Hops|
|Stimulants||Stimulate and support basic physiological functions||Cayenne, Garlic, Ginseng, Peppermint, Mustard, Rosemary|
|Tonics||Strengthen and maintain many organs and body functions||Acrimony, Bearberry, Cleavers, Garlic, Parsley, Raspberry, Skullcap|
|Vulnerary||Heal minor wounds||Calendula, Aloe Vera, Arnica, Comfrey, Garlic, Yarrow.|
Herbal medicine for pets is no longer just transferring what works for humans into pets. With the knowledge above, holistic veterinarians and pet parents can learn how to use herbs for their beloved animals when needed. With this said, the effectiveness of herbal remedies still depends on the quality of the herbs and the processes that the herbs have undergone.
Note of Caution: Your veterinarian should be consulted before adding herbs to your pet’s diet to avoid interactions or complications. Not all herbs are safe for all species of pets.
Mary L.Wulff – Herbs for Pets: The natural way to enhance your pet’s life
Juliette D. B. Levy – The complete Herbal Handbook for The dog and cat
Susan G. Wynn – Veterinary Herbal Medicine
Guest Author Bio:
Lan Hoang is a researcher and dog lover. She also writes about how to live a happy life with dogs at Dogs To Love.
✔ You may also be interested in reading:
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Using Nutritive Herbs for Pet Dietary Supplements (with Recipe)
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